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[k8s] k8s基于csi使用rbd存储


描述

ceph-csi扩展各种存储类型的卷的管理能力,实现第三方存储ceph的各种操作能力与k8s存储系统的结合。通过 ceph-csi 使用 ceph rbd块设备,它动态地提供rbd以支持 Kubernetes 持久化存储,并将这些rbd映射给 pod做为块设备持久化数据使用。 Ceph 将pod存在块设备的数据以副本机制的方式存储在多个osd上,实现pod数据具有更高的可靠性。

部署环境信息

OS: CentOS Linux release 7.9.2009 (Core)
Kubectl Version:v1.20.2
Ceph Versions:14.2.2
需要部署环境部署可以看我以前的文章基于kolla容器化部署ceph基于ansible自动化部署k8s

配置ceph

# 创建名为kubernetes存储池。

pg与pgs要根据实际情况修改。

$ ceph osd pool create kubernetes 64 64
$ ceph osd pool application enable kubernetes rbd

# 新创建的池使用前进行rbd初始化。

$ rbd pool init kubernetes

# 为csi创建一个新用户kubernetes访问kubernetes池。执行以下命令并记录生成的密钥。

$ ceph auth get-or-create  client.kubernetes mon 'profile rbd' osd 'profile rbd pool=kubernetes' mgr 'profile rbd'
[client.kubernetes]
	key = AQDStCFiN0JMFxAAK8EHEnEIRIN+SbACY0T2lw==

下面配置cephx secret对象时,会要用到userID=kubernetes和userKey=AQDStCFiN0JMFxAAK8EHEnEIRIN+SbACY0T2lw==

# csi需要一个存储在 Kubernetes 中的ConfigMap对象, 对象定义 的是Ceph 集群的 Ceph 监视器地址和fsid。收集 Ceph 集群唯一fsid和监视器地址。

$ ceph mon dump
.....
fsid 4a9e463a-4853-4237-a5c5-9ae9d25bacda
0: [v2:172.20.163.52:3300/0,v1:172.20.163.52:6789/0] mon.172.20.163.52

ceph-csi目前只支持旧版 V1 协议

配置ceph-csi configmap

# 创建ConfigMap对象,将fsid替换为"clusterID",并将监视器地址替换为"monitors"。

$ cat > csi-config-map.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
data:
  config.json: |-
    [
      {
        "clusterID": "4a9e463a-4853-4237-a5c5-9ae9d25bacda",
        "monitors": [
          "172.20.163.52:6789",
          "172.20.163.52:6789",
          "172.20.163.52:6789"
        ]
      }
    ]
metadata:
  name: ceph-csi-config
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f csi-config-map.yaml

# 新版本的csi还需要一个额外的ConfigMap对象来定义密钥管理服务 (KMS) 提供者的详细信息, 空配置即可以。

$ cat > csi-kms-config-map.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
data:
  config.json: |-
    {}
metadata:
  name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f csi-kms-config-map.yaml

# 查看ceph.conf文件

$ docker exec ceph_mon cat /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
[global]
log file = /var/log/kolla-ceph/$cluster-$name.log
log to syslog = false
err to syslog = false
log to stderr = false
err to stderr = false
fsid = 4a9e463a-4853-4237-a5c5-9ae9d25bacda
mon initial members = 172.20.163.52
mon host = 172.20.163.52
mon addr = 172.20.163.52:6789
auth cluster required = cephx
auth service required = cephx
auth client required = cephx
osd pool default size = 1
osd pool default min size = 1
setuser match path = /var/lib/ceph/$type/$cluster-$id
osd crush update on start = false

# 通过ConfigMap对象来定义 Ceph 配置,以添加到 CSI 容器内的 ceph.conf 文件中。ceph.conf文件内容替换以下的内容。

$  cat > ceph-config-map.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
data:
  ceph.conf: |
    [global]
    log file = /var/log/kolla-ceph/$cluster-$name.log
    log to syslog = false
    err to syslog = false
    log to stderr = false
    err to stderr = false
    fsid = 4a9e463a-4853-4237-a5c5-9ae9d25bacda
    mon initial members = 172.20.163.52
    mon host = 172.20.163.52
    mon addr = 172.20.163.52:6789
    auth cluster required = cephx
    auth service required = cephx
    auth client required = cephx
    osd pool default size = 1
    osd pool default min size = 1
    setuser match path = /var/lib/ceph/$type/$cluster-$id
    osd crush update on start = false
  # keyring is a required key and its value should be empty
  keyring: |
metadata:
  name: ceph-config
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f ceph-config-map.yaml
配置ceph-csi cephx secret

# 创建secret对象, csi需要cephx凭据才能与ceph集群通信。

$ cat > csi-rbd-secret.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: csi-rbd-secret
  namespace: default
stringData:
  userID: kubernetes
  userKey: AQDStCFiN0JMFxAAK8EHEnEIRIN+SbACY0T2lw==
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f csi-rbd-secret.yaml
配置ceph-csi插件

# 创建所需的ServiceAccountRBAC ClusterRole/ClusterRoleBinding Kubernetes 对象。

点击查看csi-provisioner-rbac代码
$ cat > csi-provisioner-rbac.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: rbd-csi-provisioner
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default

---
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: rbd-external-provisioner-runner
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["nodes"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["secrets"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["events"]
    verbs: ["list", "watch", "create", "update", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["persistentvolumes"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "update", "delete", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["persistentvolumeclaims"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "update"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["persistentvolumeclaims/status"]
    verbs: ["update", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["storageclasses"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: ["snapshot.storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumesnapshots"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: ["snapshot.storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumesnapshots/status"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: ["snapshot.storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumesnapshotcontents"]
    verbs: ["create", "get", "list", "watch", "update", "delete", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: ["snapshot.storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumesnapshotclasses"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumeattachments"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "update", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumeattachments/status"]
    verbs: ["patch"]
  - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["csinodes"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
  - apiGroups: ["snapshot.storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumesnapshotcontents/status"]
    verbs: ["update", "patch"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["configmaps"]
    verbs: ["get"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["serviceaccounts"]
    verbs: ["get"]
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: rbd-csi-provisioner-role
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: rbd-csi-provisioner
    # replace with non-default namespace name
    namespace: default
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: rbd-external-provisioner-runner
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

---
kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
  name: rbd-external-provisioner-cfg
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["configmaps"]
    verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "update", "delete"]
  - apiGroups: ["coordination.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["leases"]
    verbs: ["get", "watch", "list", "delete", "update", "create"]

---
kind: RoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: rbd-csi-provisioner-role-cfg
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: rbd-csi-provisioner
    # replace with non-default namespace name
    namespace: default
roleRef:
  kind: Role
  name: rbd-external-provisioner-cfg
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
EOF 
$ $ kubectl apply -f csi-provisioner-rbac.yaml
点击查看csi-nodeplugin-rbac代码
$ cat > csi-nodeplugin-rbac.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: rbd-csi-nodeplugin
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
---
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: rbd-csi-nodeplugin
rules:
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["nodes"]
    verbs: ["get"]
  # allow to read Vault Token and connection options from the Tenants namespace
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["secrets"]
    verbs: ["get"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["configmaps"]
    verbs: ["get"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["serviceaccounts"]
    verbs: ["get"]
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources: ["persistentvolumes"]
    verbs: ["get"]
  - apiGroups: ["storage.k8s.io"]
    resources: ["volumeattachments"]
    verbs: ["list", "get"]
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: rbd-csi-nodeplugin
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: rbd-csi-nodeplugin
    # replace with non-default namespace name
    namespace: default
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: rbd-csi-nodeplugin
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f csi-nodeplugin-rbac.yaml

# 创建所需的ceph-csi容器

点击查看csi-rbdplugin-provisioner代码
$ cat > csi-rbdplugin-provisioner.yaml << EOF
---
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: csi-rbdplugin-provisioner
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
  labels:
    app: csi-metrics
spec:
  selector:
    app: csi-rbdplugin-provisioner
  ports:
    - name: http-metrics
      port: 8080
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: 8681

---
kind: Deployment
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: csi-rbdplugin-provisioner
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: csi-rbdplugin-provisioner
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: csi-rbdplugin-provisioner
    spec:
      affinity:
        podAntiAffinity:
          requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
            - labelSelector:
                matchExpressions:
                  - key: app
                    operator: In
                    values:
                      - csi-rbdplugin-provisioner
              topologyKey: "kubernetes.io/hostname"
      serviceAccountName: rbd-csi-provisioner
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      hostNetwork: true
      containers:
        - name: csi-provisioner
          image: antidebug/csi-provisioner:v3.0.0
          args:
            - "--csi-address=$(ADDRESS)"
            - "--v=5"
            - "--timeout=150s"
            - "--retry-interval-start=500ms"
            - "--leader-election=true"
            #  set it to true to use topology based provisioning
            - "--feature-gates=Topology=false"
            # if fstype is not specified in storageclass, ext4 is default
            - "--default-fstype=ext4"
            - "--extra-create-metadata=true"
          env:
            - name: ADDRESS
              value: unix:///csi/csi-provisioner.sock
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
        - name: csi-snapshotter
          image: antidebug/csi-snapshotter:v4.1.1
          args:
            - "--csi-address=$(ADDRESS)"
            - "--v=5"
            - "--timeout=150s"
            - "--leader-election=true"
          env:
            - name: ADDRESS
              value: unix:///csi/csi-provisioner.sock
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
        - name: csi-attacher
          image: antidebug/csi-attacher:v3.2.1
          args:
            - "--v=5"
            - "--csi-address=$(ADDRESS)"
            - "--leader-election=true"
            - "--retry-interval-start=500ms"
          env:
            - name: ADDRESS
              value: /csi/csi-provisioner.sock
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
        - name: csi-resizer
          image: antidebug/csi-resizer:v1.2.0
          args:
            - "--csi-address=$(ADDRESS)"
            - "--v=5"
            - "--timeout=150s"
            - "--leader-election"
            - "--retry-interval-start=500ms"
            - "--handle-volume-inuse-error=false"
          env:
            - name: ADDRESS
              value: unix:///csi/csi-provisioner.sock
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
        - name: csi-rbdplugin
          # for stable functionality replace canary with latest release version
          image: quay.io/cephcsi/cephcsi:v3.5.1
          args:
            - "--nodeid=$(NODE_ID)"
            - "--type=rbd"
            - "--controllerserver=true"
            - "--endpoint=$(CSI_ENDPOINT)"
            - "--csi-addons-endpoint=$(CSI_ADDONS_ENDPOINT)"
            - "--v=5"
            - "--drivername=rbd.csi.ceph.com"
            - "--pidlimit=-1"
            - "--rbdhardmaxclonedepth=8"
            - "--rbdsoftmaxclonedepth=4"
            - "--enableprofiling=false"
          env:
            - name: POD_IP
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: status.podIP
            - name: NODE_ID
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            - name: POD_NAMESPACE
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: metadata.namespace
            # - name: KMS_CONFIGMAP_NAME
            #   value: encryptionConfig
            - name: CSI_ENDPOINT
              value: unix:///csi/csi-provisioner.sock
            - name: CSI_ADDONS_ENDPOINT
              value: unix:///csi/csi-addons.sock
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
            - mountPath: /dev
              name: host-dev
            - mountPath: /sys
              name: host-sys
            - mountPath: /lib/modules
              name: lib-modules
              readOnly: true
            - name: ceph-csi-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph-csi-config/
            - name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config/
            - name: keys-tmp-dir
              mountPath: /tmp/csi/keys
            - name: ceph-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph/
        - name: csi-rbdplugin-controller
          # for stable functionality replace canary with latest release version
          image: quay.io/cephcsi/cephcsi:v3.5.1
          args:
            - "--type=controller"
            - "--v=5"
            - "--drivername=rbd.csi.ceph.com"
            - "--drivernamespace=$(DRIVER_NAMESPACE)"
          env:
            - name: DRIVER_NAMESPACE
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: metadata.namespace
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: ceph-csi-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph-csi-config/
            - name: keys-tmp-dir
              mountPath: /tmp/csi/keys
            - name: ceph-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph/
        - name: liveness-prometheus
          image: quay.io/cephcsi/cephcsi:v3.5.1
          args:
            - "--type=liveness"
            - "--endpoint=$(CSI_ENDPOINT)"
            - "--metricsport=8681"
            - "--metricspath=/metrics"
            - "--polltime=60s"
            - "--timeout=3s"
          env:
            - name: CSI_ENDPOINT
              value: unix:///csi/csi-provisioner.sock
            - name: POD_IP
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: status.podIP
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
      volumes:
        - name: host-dev
          hostPath:
            path: /dev
        - name: host-sys
          hostPath:
            path: /sys
        - name: lib-modules
          hostPath:
            path: /lib/modules
        - name: socket-dir
          emptyDir: {
            medium: "Memory"
          }
        - name: ceph-config
          configMap:
            name: ceph-config
        - name: ceph-csi-config
          configMap:
            name: ceph-csi-config
        - name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
          configMap:
            name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
        - name: keys-tmp-dir
          emptyDir: {
            medium: "Memory"
          }
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f csi-rbdplugin-provisioner.yaml
点击csi-rbdplugin代码
$ cat > csi-rbdplugin.yaml << EOF
---
kind: DaemonSet
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: csi-rbdplugin
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: csi-rbdplugin
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: csi-rbdplugin
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: rbd-csi-nodeplugin
      hostNetwork: true
      hostPID: true
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      # to use e.g. Rook orchestrated cluster, and mons' FQDN is
      # resolved through k8s service, set dns policy to cluster first
      dnsPolicy: ClusterFirstWithHostNet
      containers:
        - name: driver-registrar
          # This is necessary only for systems with SELinux, where
          # non-privileged sidecar containers cannot access unix domain socket
          # created by privileged CSI driver container.
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
          image: antidebug/csi-node-driver-registrar:v2.2.0
          args:
            - "--v=5"
            - "--csi-address=/csi/csi.sock"
            - "--kubelet-registration-path=/var/lib/kubelet/plugins/rbd.csi.ceph.com/csi.sock"
          env:
            - name: KUBE_NODE_NAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
            - name: registration-dir
              mountPath: /registration
        - name: csi-rbdplugin
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
            capabilities:
              add: ["SYS_ADMIN"]
            allowPrivilegeEscalation: true
          # for stable functionality replace canary with latest release version
          image: quay.io/cephcsi/cephcsi:v3.5.1
          args:
            - "--nodeid=$(NODE_ID)"
            - "--pluginpath=/var/lib/kubelet/plugins"
            - "--stagingpath=/var/lib/kubelet/plugins/kubernetes.io/csi/pv/"
            - "--type=rbd"
            - "--nodeserver=true"
            - "--endpoint=$(CSI_ENDPOINT)"
            - "--csi-addons-endpoint=$(CSI_ADDONS_ENDPOINT)"
            - "--v=5"
            - "--drivername=rbd.csi.ceph.com"
            - "--enableprofiling=false"
            # If topology based provisioning is desired, configure required
            # node labels representing the nodes topology domain
            # and pass the label names below, for CSI to consume and advertise
            # its equivalent topology domain
            # - "--domainlabels=failure-domain/region,failure-domain/zone"
          env:
            - name: POD_IP
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: status.podIP
            - name: NODE_ID
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            - name: POD_NAMESPACE
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: metadata.namespace
            # - name: KMS_CONFIGMAP_NAME
            #   value: encryptionConfig
            - name: CSI_ENDPOINT
              value: unix:///csi/csi.sock
            - name: CSI_ADDONS_ENDPOINT
              value: unix:///csi/csi-addons.sock
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
            - mountPath: /dev
              name: host-dev
            - mountPath: /sys
              name: host-sys
            - mountPath: /run/mount
              name: host-mount
            - mountPath: /etc/selinux
              name: etc-selinux
              readOnly: true
            - mountPath: /lib/modules
              name: lib-modules
              readOnly: true
            - name: ceph-csi-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph-csi-config/
            - name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config/
            - name: plugin-dir
              mountPath: /var/lib/kubelet/plugins
              mountPropagation: "Bidirectional"
            - name: mountpoint-dir
              mountPath: /var/lib/kubelet/pods
              mountPropagation: "Bidirectional"
            - name: keys-tmp-dir
              mountPath: /tmp/csi/keys
            - name: ceph-logdir
              mountPath: /var/log/ceph
            - name: ceph-config
              mountPath: /etc/ceph/
        - name: liveness-prometheus
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
          image: quay.io/cephcsi/cephcsi:v3.5.1
          args:
            - "--type=liveness"
            - "--endpoint=$(CSI_ENDPOINT)"
            - "--metricsport=8680"
            - "--metricspath=/metrics"
            - "--polltime=60s"
            - "--timeout=3s"
          env:
            - name: CSI_ENDPOINT
              value: unix:///csi/csi.sock
            - name: POD_IP
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: status.podIP
          volumeMounts:
            - name: socket-dir
              mountPath: /csi
          imagePullPolicy: "IfNotPresent"
      volumes:
        - name: socket-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/kubelet/plugins/rbd.csi.ceph.com
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
        - name: plugin-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/kubelet/plugins
            type: Directory
        - name: mountpoint-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/kubelet/pods
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
        - name: ceph-logdir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/log/ceph
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
        - name: registration-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/kubelet/plugins_registry/
            type: Directory
        - name: host-dev
          hostPath:
            path: /dev
        - name: host-sys
          hostPath:
            path: /sys
        - name: etc-selinux
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/selinux
        - name: host-mount
          hostPath:
            path: /run/mount
        - name: lib-modules
          hostPath:
            path: /lib/modules
        - name: ceph-config
          configMap:
            name: ceph-config
        - name: ceph-csi-config
          configMap:
            name: ceph-csi-config
        - name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
          configMap:
            name: ceph-csi-encryption-kms-config
        - name: keys-tmp-dir
          emptyDir: {
            medium: "Memory"
          }
---
# This is a service to expose the liveness metrics
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: csi-metrics-rbdplugin
  # replace with non-default namespace name
  namespace: default
  labels:
    app: csi-metrics
spec:
  ports:
    - name: http-metrics
      port: 8080
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: 8680
  selector:
    app: csi-rbdplugin
EOF

此处csi-rbdplugin-provisioner代码与官方不同之处: pod采用hostNetwork: true。

使用ceph块设备

# 创建一个存储类
kubernetes storageclass定义了一个存储类。 可以创建多个storageclass对象以映射到不同的服务质量级别(即 NVMe 与基于 HDD 的池)和功能。例如,要创建一个映射到上面创建的kubernetes池的storageclass ,确保"clusterID"与您的ceph集群的fsid一致。

$ cat > csi-rbd-sc.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
   name: csi-rbd-sc
provisioner: rbd.csi.ceph.com
parameters:
   clusterID: 4a9e463a-4853-4237-a5c5-9ae9d25bacda
   pool: kubernetes
   imageFeatures: layering
   csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-name: csi-rbd-secret
   csi.storage.k8s.io/provisioner-secret-namespace: default
   csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-expand-secret-name: csi-rbd-secret
   csi.storage.k8s.io/controller-expand-secret-namespace: default
   csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-name: csi-rbd-secret
   csi.storage.k8s.io/node-stage-secret-namespace: default
reclaimPolicy: Delete
allowVolumeExpansion: true
mountOptions:
   - discard
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f csi-rbd-sc.yaml

# 创建pvc
使用上面创建的storageclass创建PersistentVolumeClaim

cat > raw-block-pvc.yaml << EOF
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: raw-block-pvc
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
  volumeMode: Block
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 1Gi
  storageClassName: csi-rbd-sc
EOF
$ kubectl apply -f raw-block-pvc.yaml

# 查看pvc的状态为Bound即正常。

$ kubectl get pvc
NAME            STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS   AGE
raw-block-pvc   Bound    pvc-d57ba3b8-c916-4182-966f-eb8680955cb7   2Gi        RWO            csi-rbd-sc     132m
参考文献

[1] ceph.com 作者 202203

  • 转载自:https://www.cnblogs.com/acommoners/p/15985479.html
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